Saturday, August 30, 2014

Music in Bangladesh

Bengali music has a wide variet of styles.There are a long tradition of religious and secular song writing in bagladesh. There are several types of musics in Bangladesh such as Folk, classical, baul, Nazrul geeti, Rabindra sangeet, Film music, Modern music and western influence, Rock music, Fusion, Instruments etc.
 Film music

 Bangladeshi film industry supported difference type of classical music and also use western orchestration. Bagladeshi film industry named as Dhallywood. It is  placed in capital of Dhaka, Bangladesh. In 1956  first Bangladeshi film name “Mukh o mukhos”was produced by Nuruzzaman , shaidul Alam and directed by abdul zabbar khan.It was written by abdul jabbar khan. It’s music by samar das. It’s release date was 3 august, in 1956. It’s running time was 99 minutes. At that time any body had not any experience about film acting. Abdul jabbar khan worked on the movie for two years. There were two songs in this film and the singers were Abdul alim and Mahbuba hasnat (Rahman) , wife of khan Ataur Rahman. Abdul Alim’s song was deterioted  and  Mahbuba  Rahman sang the other song  “ Moner Boney Dola Laage Hashio Dokhin Hawa.” M.A Gafur  had written all of the songs in this movie and music was by Samar Das. In 1955 a film studio and laboratory was established in Tejgaon.  In 1957 the Bangladesh film industry was established and developed recording, processing and printing. The first film , Asiya ( The life of avillage girl) and it’s director was Fateh Lohani.  The film was about rural life.  The film Asiya  was awarded  the president Award in 1961. The second film name jago Hua savera was prized in 1959.There is available this film vedio in the internet , here is this link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGgDH_p9tkk .

Friday, August 29, 2014

Brumansia (Angel’s trumpets)

Angel trumpets
Yellow angel trumpets
White Angel trumpets
Brown Angel trumpets
It is a genus of family solaceaeand it has seven species. It’s coomon name is Angel’s trumpets. This Is woody plant or shrubs. It is 80 to 150 cm long. When it is forked then it blooms. It blooms at a very lower height.  In 1753 Linnaeus first classified it.  It is a part of Datura arborea.  These are divided into two natural groups such as Brugmansia section Brugmansia ( the warm- growing group) species are insighis, aurea, sauveoiens, versicolor etc   and Brugmansia section Sphaerocarpium(the cold group) sepecies are sanguine, arborea, vulcanicola etc. In 1973 Lockwood was challenged two of these species.  This is garden plant.He was said about the Brugmansia vulcanicola , sub species  of B. sanguine and in 1977 R. E Schultes refuted it. Lockwood proposed about it that it is a hybrid of the combination (B. suaveolens and B. versicolor). In 1997 Preissels disproved it by crossbreeding experiments and it was published in 1997.

Uses
Pink Angel trumpets
Orange angel trumpets
It is uses for important alkaloids such as scopolamine, atropine, hyoscyamine from Brugmansia and from  Solanaceae.This angel plant is very popular to the people It,s trempets flower is very usefull .




Blue vAngel trumpets

Purple Angel trumpets




.  It is uses as medicine of spasmolytic, anti-asthmatic, narcotic, antichlinergic , anesthetic etc. It is uses as medical preparations  of hallucinogen for divination. It is also uses for balck magic . It is traditionally uses for the treatment of dermatitis, pains, orchities, rheumatism, arthritis, infections, headaches etc.It is also uses  as a decongestant for stomach and muscle ailments.
 Cultivation
Brugmansia  grows in moist, well-drained soil, fertile and in sun or part shade . It grows in frost free climates. It’s flower blooms in mid to late spring and in warm climates. It is propagated by rooting(10-20cm cutting). Several species of plants are uses as ornamental plants. Grand Marnier gained the Royal Horticultural society’s Award of Garden Merit about the Brugmansia x candida.